¿Quién es que?

¿Que es una discográfica?
Uno de los aspectos más importantes en la industria de la música son las discográficas, casas disqueras, sellos disqueros o discográficos.

Los sellos discográficos son grandes corporaciones de capital de riesgo que a principios de los 70 se dieron cuenta que el negocio se encontraba en la comercialización y distribución de productos sonoros delegando la creación a los productores musicales y artistas, así se establece su modelo de negocio en tres áreas :

AREA DE PRODUCCION: Es el proceso creativo en la elaboración de obras sonoras donde intervienen compositores, músicos, letristas, productores musicales e ingenieros de grabación donde el objetivo es buscar canciones o temas que puedan ser interpretados por los mismos artistas o hechos para que los interprete un artista escogido por la discográfica pudiendo ser asesorado por el productor musical.

AREA DE COMERCIALIZACION: Donde la discográfica llega a un acuerdo comercial con el artista en la firma de un contrato generalmente bajo las siguientes condiciones:

1. – La discográfica financia la realización del disco y es dueña del master o grabación.

2. – El artista no tiene derechos sobre el master y a cambio de esto recibe una prestación contractual es decir recibe un avance sobre futuras regalías que genere el disco tanto en venta como por interpretaciones en vivo o reproducción sonora en medios radiales o televisivos.

Este puede estar entre el 4% al 20% dependiendo de la trayectoria del artista y poder de negociación para con la disquera.

3. – El artista solamente comienza a recibir regalías cuando los costos de producción del disco se han cubierto y un porcentaje de costos de la producción de los videos musicales.

4.- La discográfica se compromete en el mercadeo y publicidad del producto, donde se busca la construcción de marca, difusión en medios (tv, radio, revistas etc.) y creación de una base de seguidores o fans.

AREA DE DISTRIBUCION: Donde el producto terminado bien sea una canción o un CD es llevado a las tiendas para su comercialización, cabe recordar que a causa del avance de la venta de música por Internet una tienda puede ser una página web donde se paga una cantidad de dinero por descargar una canción ejemplo de esto i-Tunes.

Esta estrategia les da una ventaja ya que controlan la producción y distribución bajo una misma empresa.

Por ejemplo Emi Music Group es dueña de Emi music Distribution, Universal Music Group es dueña de Universal Music Distribution, Sony/BMG Music Entertainment es dueña de Sony/BMG distribution y Warner Music Group es dueña de la WEA, y sigue la lista.
Los grandes cambios en la manera de vender música en los últimos 5 años han traído como consecuencia una entrada fuerte al mercado de los sellos independientes ya que con Internet han sabido aprovechar el contacto directo que les permite tener con su audiencia evitando la intermediación de la disquera, antes de este fenómeno las disqueras tenían el control del 100% del mercado mundial. Al día de hoy la situación es diferente controlando el 70% del mercado.

Cómo funcionan las discográficas?
Uno de los objetivos de una discográfica en su promoción, mercadeo y publicidad es el de llevar a la mayor cantidad de audiencia posible la música que interpreta un artista y para esto se requiere una gran inversión financiera, la forma en que incursionan es anticipando una pérdida del 90% de su inversión es decir que por cada diez artistas que firman, uno les genera ganancia y el retorno de su capital inicial.

Estos conglomerados pueden participar de esta forma ya que detrás de ellos se encuentran grandes músculos de dinero que respaldan sus decisiones de patrocinar a los artistas que consideren que pueden ser rentables en el futuro y le apuestan a que uno o dos de estos artistas den las ganancias esperadas cubriendo la inversión que hicieron a los ocho o nueve restantes que ellos seleccionaron.

Ventajas de una discográfica.
Trabajar o firmar con una casa discográfica es el deseo de innumerables artistas ya que están en capacidad de dar grandes avances de dinero, contratar a los mejores estudios de grabación, a los mejores productores musicales y productoras de video a la vez que pueden gastar en la promoción y puesta del producto en tiendas.

Al poder invertir grandes sumas de dinero pueden tener una estructura organizacional completa ya que tienen departamentos para cada actividad que necesiten implementar, es así que tiene departamentos de publicidad, mercadeo, relaciones publicas, división en áreas tecnológicas, composición, entre otras.

Al tener un personal capacitado en el área de medios y relaciones públicas para respaldar la actividad de un artista pueden impulsar su reconocimiento en emisoras de radio a un nivel corporativo.

El conseguir entrevistas en los diferentes medios como revistas, televisión y radio requiere presupuestos para transportar al artista, a los lugares en donde se va a presentar para emitir sus declaraciones, para esto se requiere de grandes sumas de dinero que sólo las disqueras se pueden dar el lujo de conseguir ya que hablamos de 350.000 a 450.000 dólares a nivel mundial en promedio de inversión por este concepto.

¿Que es una agencia Discográfica?
Una de las maneras en que las compañías discográficas fortalecen penetración en la distribución de productos musicales es a través de las agencias discográficas, de esta manera EMI Music Group tiene relaciones comerciales y es propietaria de Capitol y Virgin, Warner Music es propietaria de Atlantic, y Sony/BMG de RCA y Jive Records.

Estas agencias interactúan de la misma manera que las grandes compañías disqueras con la diferencia que no pueden distribuir sus propias producciones.

En el negocio musical las discográficas sacan beneficios de estas agencias ya que los proveen con nuevos artistas y nuevas producciones discográficas, en segunda medida fortalece la distribución del trabajo discográfico ya que las agencias tienen una mejor presencia regional y llegan al consumidor de una manera más precisa y eficiente con el material musical del artista o banda, y en tercera medida las agencias proveen a las disqueras de productores musicales, cuyos trabajos musicales con otros artistas garantizan el posicionamiento de una canción en el mercado musical.

¿Cuales son los beneficios para una agencia discográfica?
Los acuerdos comerciales entre las grandes disqueras y las agencias discográficas funcionan de la siguiente manera:

– La disqueras cubren los costos de producción del material fonográfico (estudio, músicos, equipos, ingenieros de sonido, productores musicales etc.).

-Las disqueras cubren costos de producción material audiovisual (video musical).

-Las disqueras cubren los costos de distribución de las agencias discográficas generando así para estas agencias discos para vender y distribuir, de esta manera se benefician del capital financiero que invierten las discográficas, este modelo trae beneficios para ambas partes.

¿Cuales son los beneficios para una compañía discográfica?

-Son dueños del 50% del master (canciones de un disco) y de un porcentaje de las ganancias que generen las agencias discográficas por las producciones sonoras que venden.

-En la mayoría de los casos en los acuerdos queda abierta la posibilidad por parte de la compañía discográfica de comprarle la totalidad de los derechos sobre las producciones sonoras a las agencias, esto con el fin de anticiparse a la eventual valoración de un artista, es decir si empieza a vender discos y ser popular es más rentable ser dueño totalmente que de un 50%.

De esta manera una agencia discográfica es una pequeña empresa que busca talentos de artistas tanto en el área de producción musical como artistas o grupos musicales que hagan un buen espectáculo en vivo y/o sean capaces de componer música.

El fin de encontrar estos talentos es el de venderlos a las grandes disqueras bajo el modelo anterior o en su defecto venderle la agencia a la compañía discográficas con su activo más valioso que son los artistas quienes ya tienen una trayectoria y un reconocimiento por parte de un público que gusta de sus obras.

Maverick Records cuya accionista principal fue Madonna le vendió a Warner la compañía en el 2004 y por otro lado Dreamworks fue adquirida por Universal Music Group en el 2003.

¿Que es un sello independiente?
A principios de los ochenta la estrategia musical de negocio que las grandes disqueras empezaron a utilizar para difundir la música de un grupo o artista consistía en concentrar un número mayor de ganancias a través de menores lanzamientos de artistas o grupos, en ese sentido los sellos independientes capturan el mercado sobrante que los grandes sellos no cubren.

Los sellos discográficos independientes no participan en la cadena de negocio entre agencias discográficas y las grandes disqueras, los sellos discográficos independientes han sido responsables de darnos a conocer los ritmos mas importantes de los últimos 90 años tales como el Country, Blues, Rock, Hip-Hop, Grunge entre otros, Motown, Atlantic, Virgin han hecho parte de estos sellos independientes.

Debido a que las grandes compañías disqueras se especializan en la distribución y comercialización de productos musicales, los sellos independientes se especializaron en la producción de obras y han sido los proveedores de material sonoro que las grandes compañías adquieren a través de licencias, acuerdos, compras de derechos, etc.

A diferencia de las grandes disqueras que buscan generar grandes ventas derivadas del trabajo de un artista, los sellos independientes han elaborado su estrategia en el desarrollo de artistas o grupos dando como resultado beneficios y desventajas:

Beneficios de un sello independiente.

– El artista tiene el control creativo sobre su material.

– Recibe un mayor porcentaje por la venta de sus obras.

– Vender los discos en espectáculos en vivo.

– Participación más activa en la toma de decisiones con respecto a la estrategia y mercadeo de su material discográfico.

Desventajas de un sello discográfico independiente.

– Los discos y promoción son hechos de manera local, para hacerlo de manera internacional se deben realizar acuerdos con diferentes disqueras para poder comercializar el material sonoro por un cierto periodo de tiempo.

– Poco personal para desempeñar las tareas necesarias para mejorar la labor del grupo o artista.

– Falta de recursos financieros que las grandes disqueras si poseen para distribuir y comercializar productos sonoros, pudiendo en el corto plazo respaldar la labor del grupo o artista pero si el artista no da los resultados esperados, en el largo plazo en algunos casos el sello independiente no puede seguir invirtiendo en un artista o ha tenido que vender su sello discográfico a una gran disquera.

Internet es una herramienta que los sellos independientes están utilizando para dar una difusión global a las obras de creación musical, a consecuencia de esto un número mayor de artistas se ha dado a conocer, creciendo de gran manera la oferta de artistas y grupos, en este sentido la innovación, creatividad y buena música son los elementos con que los sellos discográficos independientes pueden posicionar artistas en el mercado musical.

El negocio musical
El negocio musical, tal y como se concebía hace unos años, está en declive. La cantidad de CD’s que se venden en el mundo baja año a año.

Como consecuencia de este diferencial percibido por el cliente final surgen otras alternativas de compra/consumo de música:

Mercado negro: (top manta) y es que con el formato de música digital, la diferencia de calidad de sonido entre un original y otro pirata es nula.

Internet: La aparición y popularización de los formatos de audio comprimido (mp3), los programas P2P (emule, Kazaa, Bittorrent, etc) y el abaratamiento de las líneas de comunicaciones (ADSL) han llevado a un boom el fenómeno de compartir música. Ahora no se intercambian los CD’s con tus amigos y vecinos, sino con todo el mundo.

Música libre: han surgido licencias alternativas como las Creative Commons donde la música se puede obtener y reproducir sin el pago de derechos de autor. En muchos lugares ya puedes ver un cartel que pone Creative Commons “la música que estás escuchando es de libre uso comercial”.

Además de esto, en un futuro no muy lejano, es posible que la distribución no se realice como hasta ahora. Las cadenas de música probablemente serán discos duros con conexión a internet y te podrás descargar las canciones de tu tienda preferida de Internet.

Acciones que se están llevando a cabo para intentar paliar este problema del descenso en la venta de CD’s:

Dar más valor al CD: Regalo de DVD, envoltorio de lujo, en definitiva, algo que nos cree la sensación de que merece la pena comprar el original frente al pirata.

Tiendas online legales: Venta online de música por Internet.

Guerra al pirateo: Con campañas publicitarias, demandas y cierres de portales donde se comparte música, detención de mafias de copia masiva de CD’s.

La opción por excelencia que las compañías involucradas en el negocio musical se resisten a aplicar es bajar los precios de los CDs.

De esta forma se vendería más y como el beneficio = número de unidades x margen, es altamente probable que si bien el margen disminuye, el beneficio se mantuviera o aumentara como consecuencia de una mayor venta de unidades, pero está claro que los responsables de las empresas no tienen la misma opinión.

Las discográficas saben muy bien que en la industria de la música el negocio ya no es vender canciones, sino convertir a los artistas en ‘marcas’ y participar de los beneficios de fuentes cada vez más atractivas, como los conciertos o el ‘merchandising’.
Más que artistas, son marcas globales cuyo negocio es cada vez más amplio y menos limitado a la que tradicionalmente ha sido la fuente principal de beneficios: la música grabada.

Sin embargo, lo que antes era una posibilidad reservada para los grandes monstruos de la música, ahora es casi una obligación para todo aquel que quiera hacer una carrera.

La crisis de la venta de música grabada, que ha perdido más del 50% de su mercado en los últimos cinco años, ha forzado a los artistas, tanto recién llegados como consolidados, a buscar nuevas fuentes de ingresos y nuevas formas de hacerlo. La clave la ha apuntado en alguna ocasión Edgar Bronfman, presidente de Warner Music: “La industria musical está creciendo; la industria discográfica no está creciendo”.

Contratos integrales
Estos cambios están afectando a todos los actores del sector. Las discográficas ya no se conforman con vender discos y exigen contratos más amplios con los artistas, llamados Full Rights Contract o contratos 360 grados.

Hace siete años dos terceras partes de los ingresos de los músicos e intérpretes provenían de la venta de música grabada, y el tercio restante, de conciertos, merchandising y esponsorizaciones.

Ahora, la proporción es justo la inversa. Eso indica cuáles son las fuentes de ingresos atractivas, y las discográficas cada vez quieren un trozo mayor de ese pastel.

En vez de ofrecer a los artistas el habitual (y exiguo) porcentaje de la venta de sus discos (normalmente, entre el 10% y el 15%), optan por participar de toda su carrera: conciertos, merchandising, campañas publicitarias.
Como contraprestación, ofrecen un mayor porcentaje de la venta de música e invierten, a más largo plazo, en su carrera. Es decir, roban el papel tradicional del manager en la gestión de sus derechos, la planificación de las giras, el marketing de los discos, la promoción del artista.

Estos contratos 360 grados son cada vez más habituales, donde la piratería ha hecho más difícil que las discográficas puedan sacar partido a las inversiones que hacen en los nuevos talentos.

El Full Rigths Contract no es un modelo feliz porque no puedes tener todos los huevos en la misma canasta. El artista no se puede quedar sólo en manos de una multinacional de discos que tiene tantos otros intereses. Es muy peligroso para el artista y un paso atrás de 40 años”.

Cuando un grupo tiene el mismo management y la misma compañía tiene un margen prácticamente nulo de negociación.

La distribución de música en Internet
La distribución legal de contenidos musicales mediante Internet, por compañías como i-tunes o e-music, representa un nuevo modo de vender, escuchar y, finalmente, producir música.

La posibilidad de descargar miles de grabaciones, inmediatamente y a bajo costo, y la fijación de la “canción” como unidad de compra-venta, significa la imposición de un modelo uniforme de distribución de música, que apunta a un modo particular de escucharla.
Podemos sacar partido de lo mejor que ofrece Internet: singularidad, diversificación y la posibilidad de un proceso muy selectivo de compra y de escucha.
Para ello necesitamos muchos conocimientos previos y una gran perspicacia. Como es habitual con Internet, también en este caso la inteligencia y la cultura se necesitan al máximo para poder beneficiarnos de lo que i-tunes y compañías similares nos ofrecen.

¡Lleve 25.000 canciones en el bolsillo!
Así se anuncia el i-pod. Cada vez más los contenidos musicales se graban en formato MP3, se reproducen en aparatos minúsculos, se escuchan con auriculares, y se distribuyen legalmente en Internet. Esto plantea una importante modificación de la manera de vender y comprar música, así como de la manera de escucharla e incluso de producirla.
Al fondo, la imparable crisis de las compañías musicales, que ven como el top-manta y la piratería en Internet (desde Napster hasta sus diversos epígonos) minan sin piedad sus arcas.

Una vez que el formato en que se codifican los contenidos musicales (o los audiovisuales en general) es electrónico, y que este puede copiarse a toda velocidad y bajísimo costo en cualquier aparato con memoria flash o disco duro, las compañías tienen que discurrir nuevas formas de venta y distribución de su producto, so pena de caer en bancarrota.

La distribución (legal) de contenidos musicales en Internet, mediante compañías como i-Tunes o e-Music parece ser la alternativa a la languideciente industria del CD, que muchos piensan tiene los días contados.

La duración, el CD imponía un modelo basado en la limitación de espacio: hasta 80 minutos. Con la distribución por Internet la unidad de cambio de convierte en la canción. Esto implica una profunda transformación, porque el convertir la canción en unidad natural de compra-venta significa imponer un modelo, una uniformización de los hábitos de consumo musicales.
La canción es una unidad en sí misma: tiene un único compositor o compositores, un mismo intérprete o intérpretes, un único movimiento, y es musicalmente independiente.

Cuando una compañía discográfica tradicional pone de nuevo en circulación parte de su fondo descatalogado, produce ingresos casi sin costo procedentes de algo que había finalizado su vida económica.
La distribución de fondos musicales en Internet comporta muchas ventajas. Dejando de lado el beneficio económico para los fabricantes de aparatos de MP3, para las compañías distribuidoras de contenidos, y para las productoras discográficas (especialmente los sellos pequeños, que encuentran grandes problemas de distribución), la mayor ventaja para los consumidores es que se pone a su alcance un fondo descatalogado hace tiempo que resultaba inaccesible.

Hay un factor adicional, y es que varios intérpretes se están lanzando a producir sus propias grabaciones directamente en mp3, sin versión previa en CD.

Últimamente, y ante la negativa de las grandes discográficas a acometer proyectos de grabación ambiciosos, que no pueden resultarles rentables, han decidido crear su propio sello discográfico y grabar sus propios CD’s.

El gran problema es la distribución. En el momento en que los grupos musicales cuenten con su propia página web desde la que puedan descargarse sus grabaciones directamente y sin intermediarios, la industria discográfica estará muerta definitivamente.
Pero es que Universal, que es la mayor compañía de fondos musicales, ha anunciado ya la próxima distribución de sus fondos musicales mediante descargas gratuitas en Internet, servicio que será financiado con publicidad.

Artistas patrocinados, ¿Imaginas que algún artista colgara de forma gratuita su último disco en Internet?. ¿Cuantos millones de visitas y descargas tendría la página?.

Y si además encontraras publicidad promocionando negocios alternativos como camisetas, libros, ediciones de lujo, conciertos, o simplemente publicidad de compañías de refrescos, ropa.

¿Piensas que se generaría dinero?, Más conciertos: El concierto no se puede piratear ya que para vivirlo con intensidad hay que estar allí.

Si este modelo se consolida en un futuro, no sólo las tiendas de CD’s físicas desaparecerían por completo, sino que las virtuales sólo podrían vender CD’s usados, tendiendo así a la larga a desaparecer también, en la medida en que las grabaciones nuevas sólo estarían disponibles para su descarga, y quién sabe si gratuita, porque no hay razón para que los propios intérpretes no adopten el modelo de descarga directa y gratuita financiada por la publicidad, en caso de que el modelo sea viable.

La tercera gran ventaja es que el comprador actual no está obligado a “cargar” con un CD completo. Así, igual que el aficionado se descarga del CD de un intérprete sólo aquellas canciones que le gustan.

El negocio de emitir contenidos musicales
El administrar y crear nuevos afiliados es el modelo de negocio de páginas online como My Space, y YouTube, su objetivo principal es atraer y retener la mayor cantidad de tiempo a los usuarios a sus páginas, su crecimiento se lo han debido en gran parte al auge de las comunidades online donde páginas de estas características se convierten en proveedores de herramientas de generación de contenido donde los usuarios se encargan de crear y emitir sus conocimientos, gustos y pensamientos.

La música hace parte fundamental de estos espacios donde por ser tema principal, los usuarios encuentran puntos de vista comunes para opinar y conocer tanto afiliados como a una variedad de artistas de todos lo géneros.

Muchos afiliados a estas comunidades comparten música y videos de sus artistas favoritos y muchos de estos son artistas que mediante estos canales comparten sus obras. De esta manera el éxito económico se ve reflejado en la cantidad de visitas que los afiliados generan ya que estas páginas viven del costo de la publicidad por cantidad de visitantes. Si se mantiene este principio estas páginas que son una de las 10 mas visitadas del mundo entre Google y Yahoo! se preguntaron: ¿qué es lo que atrae nuevos usuarios y a su vez permanezcan mas tiempo en línea? La respuesta: “la música”.

En YouTube los videos de artistas son unos de los que más tráfico generan y en MySpace los grupos y nuevos artistas construyen y atraen una comunidad “gratis” de fans donde se beneficia MySpace porque gana un grupo de audiencia a la que se le venden productos y servicios.

Así que después de construir un tráfico de más de 25 millones de visitas diarias, ¿A qué le apuestan estas páginas?

YouTube: Está en negociaciones con las principales disqueras para llegar a un acuerdo para establecer cuál debería ser la comisión a pagar por los derechos de autor para lograr que los videos que los usuarios suban no sean penalizados por los autores por el indebido de sus obras. La alarma la inicio el ejecutivo de Universal Music Group, Doug Morris quien en declaraciones recientes a pedido a YouTube se le reconozca un pago de 10 millones de dolares en compensación por el uso de sus obras.

En Febrero del 2007 General Electric propietaria del canal televisivo NBC le prohibio a YouTube transmitir episodios de sus series pero después de negociaciones el canal dio libertad a su transmisión y mantiene conversaciones con YouTube sobre una oferta de compra por parte de este conglomerado.

My Space: El verano del mismo año se vendió a News corp dueños de medios como la Fox, NY post entre otros en 580 millones de dólares. Con más de 3 millones de artistas registrados quieren crecer en ingresos ofreciendo la oportunidad de vender sus obras al precio que el autor crea conveniente directamente a través de sus páginas, convirtiendo al principal generador de contenido(artista) en una pequeña empresa que comercializa con sus temas, produciendo a My Space una comisión por venta quién en asociación con la compañía de San Francisco Snocap (cuyo dueño es el co-fundador de Napster Shawn Fanning.) aportará la tecnología para lograr este objetivo.

Estas movidas por parte de estas grandes empresas demuestran que estamos en tiempos muy positivos para aquellos que generen contenidos musicales de calidad.

 

About Copyright

Copyrighting Songs / Music / Lyrics:

Copyright actually exists the very moment an original song, lyrical work or piece of music is created and fixed in a tangible and accessible form or media such as it being recorded or written down. However, should that work become subject to a dispute or be infringed upon, proof of copyright ownership is not only essential it is also a legal requirement in a court of law. Securing proof of copyright ownership is your responsibility.

Copyright Registration will provide you with solid documented proof of ownership as from the date of registration. If you value your work and wish to protect it “Copyrighting”, or to be more precise, copyright registration is strongly advised.

What you can register with Songrite.

  • Song Copyrights (Complete songs with words and music)
  • Music Copyrights (Music, Music scores & Musical Arrangements)
  • Lyric Copyrights (Song Lyrics)

Why to Register Your Copyrights?:

Under Copyright Law, the Songwriter, and / or Composer has certain rights including the exclusive right to gain economic reward for their creative efforts. These rights are granted by default the moment the songs, music or lyrics are written down or recorded. By registering your work, you will help establish and endorse these rights with immediate effect from the date of registration. (specified on the issued Copyright Certificate).

A Single Song Usually Contains Several Copyright Categories:

These rights include the following;

          1. The Music / Melody:
          2. The lyrics:
          3. The Arrangements:
          4. The Production:
          5. The Performance:
          6. The Artwork / Logo: (On the sleeve or album cover or CD).
          7. Your Band or Stage or Performers name.

All of these collective copyrights are included when registering complete songs or music only tracks.


See Other Collective Rights:

Online Song and Lyrics Registration:

Submitting your original work direct to us online is a quick, safe and secure process. However to safeguard and maintain the high level of security and efficiency we have restricted access to this facility to Songwriter members only. Our Unique International copyright service is open and available to all songwriters, lyric writers and music composers who wish to register the copyrights in their work and have certified proof of ownership in the form of a copyright certificate. Online Copyright

How to Become a Member:

Membership is totally free with no strings or commitments, the online application form takes a few moments to complete. This online copyright service is used by both professional and aspiring songwriters and composers to upload their original songs and lyrics for registration. Copyright Registration ensures all new and original works are documented and accredited to the owner, author or creator of the submitted works.

Apply for Songrite Membership:

Registration by Regular Mail:

Using the regular mail service is an option open to both members and none members, however, due to the time consuming procedures involved with manual delivery, this method takes longer to complete and is dependent upon external systems which are beyond our control. (Local & International Mailing Services).Copyright by Mail

Registration Forms:

Copyright Registration Forms are only required when submitting your work by regular mail. There are three Copyright application forms available which cover everything from registering one single composition to a complete album of up to fourteen tracks. Copyright forms for registering songs, music and lyrics can be viewed here. Copyright Forms. (These forms are not required for online copyright registration).

Do it Yourself Protection:

The practice of sending a copy of your own work to yourself in a sealed envelope or package is often referred to as “poor man’s copyright.” This “do it yourself” method of “copyrighting” is simple to by-pass and defraud which renders it totally unreliable and unacceptable as proof of ownership in a court of law.

There is no provision in the text of international copyright law that recognises “poor man’s copyright” as a viable alternative to registration. Placing trust in “poor man’s copyright” to protect your work is not only misguided but foolhardy and will surely result in your loss and disappointment if ever put to the test.

Copyright Registration will help establish a true and lasting record of rightful ownership.

bussines plan:

Chapter 1 The idea or concept

The art of business is to concretize ideas. Writing a business plan is therefore the first step . Determining the core sentence can also be very help . Try to define what comprises the idea in one sentence. Following a general but clear description

example I
Some ideas that is immediately obvious :
” A modern eatery in the city center that focuses on young people / students between 18 and 30 years, with a good but simple kitchen . ”

From this sentence shows exactly what the entrepreneur plans . Namely the entrepreneurial sector , target audience , location and product. There remain , of course, parts of which are important , but which are not in the core sentence above , for example, whether there are dance evenings . But these are minor factors that seem straight out of the business .

The entrepreneur then chooses which properties he finds his main idea and which he incorporated into his core sentence .

In other more complex ideas can be more difficult to determine . Vigorously the core sentence There may be as many properties in the plan are important, that they can be all want to include in the core sentence . The danger then arises that the core sentence no longer reflects what the business really wants to do well . The length of the sentence is then even undermine the objective of the core sentence , namely directly clear what the company is going to offer : the distinctive character .

Nevertheless, it is possible . In this case, the entrepreneur will have to make choices .
It may be helpful to write down what actually all should come to be . In the core sentence on a pad under each That could be anything . You then create a top 5 qualities that are important. From this you can choose at most 3 that are absolutely essential to the concept. These three characteristics form the basis for the final core sentence .

eXAMPLE II
For example, a company that is going to give training , probably has a few different types of training or services. Needless to mention that all and moreover it creates confusion . The core sentence should finally display only the specific principles . The business plan or later the brochure tells the rest . The key phrase of the training agency could be:

” We teach companies vigorously to sell by the people to reach the proper techniques and to provide information about their personality and abilities. Self-understanding ”

How this company is going to do , is evident from the rest of the business . Still, you can now get a lot of important information from these core sentence . ( Energetic sales ! ) Namely target , method , entrepreneurs and industry objective.

2.0 Development of the idea

The core sentence gives clear and strong on what the company wants to do . Then the entrepreneur will have to work out the idea . The main purpose of this is to concretize what the objectives are and how he wants to achieve .

The five W ’s are therefore an excellent method .
1 ) What are the products that are offered ?
2 ) Why is this company successful?
3 ) What is the target audience ?
4 ) What resources are required for this (promotion , location , staff , money, etc. ) ?
5 ) When everything has been achieved and what is the schedule ?

2.1 What are the products that are offered ?

In this chapter, the favor of what he wants to offer the core business . Primary It is important to bring into the business strategy and later the communication with potential customers . Focusing on A company could in theory might be offering . 100 products The only question is whether it is wise , especially in the initial phase .
Describe the product that the company does best and where the main revenue comes from .
example I
For a cafe that is almost always the beverage revenues . Simply because there are high margins and turnover rate compared to food is the highest . Make for your specific company similar consideration to determine . ’s Core business
eXAMPLE II
The future training company is very experienced in giving individual sales training and want to designate as core business . However, a simple calculation shows that the well planned sales and presentation training for larger groups are much more profitable . Therefore, the choice of the core business yet fallen on group training and individual training will be giving a special sideline .

2.2 Why is this company successful?

After developing the idea , it is important to explain why the business will be successful. This fieldwork can industry data , surveys , and other statistics useful . Also look in the marketing syllabus for more information .

Describe in this section the market in general , which trends are current and future trends, which may be of interest. For example:
• buying behavior ;
• practical solutions to existing problems ;
• social developments ;
• technical developments ;
• economic developments ;
• Specific product characteristics ;
• weaknesses of competitors ;
• supply / demand ratio .

Be careful when tightening trends critical. Not every development can be substantiated , and perhaps it is even a threat. If 33 % indicates a need to have somewhere to seem that interesting. But think or to the 67 % that has no need for the product . That can mean a risk factor .
This chapter is primarily intended to place . The company and its product in the social and business context This is necessary to indicate which factors will contribute to the success of the company and which otherwise may be of influence. Being a realistic description of the market should be , you can then argued from the market, whether there is indeed a need for the product .

Studies that are too detailed and elaborate, are provided for the annexes to the Business Plan . So stay concrete and describe the market or the research outline . Look at doing field research also similar products and companies . Careful to follow the do’s and don’ts and describe in this chapter . Internet has become an excellent resource for market research.

example I
Students seem to spend in the hospitality industry on Thursday , Friday and Saturday . Lots of money Vote Here also the product offerings on those days and be off on other days for additional income . Investors find it important that revenues are spread across various pillars , if that is possible , of course .

eXAMPLE II
For example , research shows that sales training never caught on with retailers , it is very exciting , or that it will now be a success .
A specific market research for example 100 retailers from different sectors gives more certainty in such cases .

Tips to market
Market research among a small group of potential users can be much more understanding and confirmation of the expectations . Such studies are labor intensive , but can be executed. Itself Be in the preparation of questionnaires critical of the answer options . Closed questions afvinkmogelijkheden on a scale of 2 , 3 and 5 are a good solution . Check carefully that ultimately the questionnaire gives really answer all your questions . The results of this study can be fine outline processing in the business .

Start by preparing the questionnaire to think , exactly where the survey must answer first. This answer should namely whether there is a need for example to the product in its current form . Also, determine the minimum size of the respondents , in order to use the results. With some certainty
example I
Do you think that our town has little trade ?
oh yeah
oh no
o No opinion

Whatever the answer is . A caterer can do little with the result. Is this going to snack bars , restaurants or hotels ? And is it night or daghoreca ? It could be that these questions deeper into here . The trick is just to keep . Questionnaire as short as possible Ideally the question should therefore have a clear framework that controls the mind of the respondent as much as possible , with no one to explain. Words into the mouth A reply, often gives much more useful information :

Do you think that our little town hospitality night ( 22:00 to 03:00 ) for young people between 18 and 30 years ?
oh yeah
oh no
o No opinion

Another question might be whether the respondent then like an old-fashioned pub , disco or hip lounge tent in the entertainment district wants. This way you get through a logical structure in the questionnaire a good picture of the local population needs .

eXAMPLE II
It is very difficult to get . Many answers very few questions The training agency wants to know whether there are services to sufficient demand. In order to be able to answer several questions are necessary . A build-up could be:

Does the company have regular customer contact , where one has to convince someone to buy :
o Always , every day
o Regularly, once a month
o Sometimes , once in the quarter
o Almost never , once a year

Is the sales process in your company momentary or prolonged :
o Long-term , more than 1 month
o Normally , more than 1 week
o Short , more than 1 day
o Very short, less than 1 day
Would you like to improve sales results for your business and if so, in what area ? :
o Sales
o Sales Techniques
o Duration of the process
o Production
o Product knowledge of my employees
o Do not know
o Not required

By a logical structure of the questions , you quickly recognize a need that may or may not fit well with the offer . A company that has a lot of customer contact , has been a potential customer . The length of the sales process has affected the sales techniques that a company is required to use , making the training agency may adjust his training. For example, if it appears that the market has a great need for training for alleged hit-and – runverkopen , this survey is a great tool for that can be traced .

The last question is to check what the actual problem may be. If a company wants to improve product knowledge , is primarily a sales training is not in place . That is the case if, for example , sales and marketing techniques need to be improved . The last question you can also let give to get . A more complete picture of the surveyed several answers Let them , for example by means of an arrangement to indicate the order of importance.

When conducting a survey , the following practical tips useful to remember :
1. Show all respondents know in advance how long it will take around ;
2. Be honest about the purpose of the survey ;
3. Test the survey in your area readability , logical structure and clarity .

When processing the answers are also some useful tips to remember:
1. Use a flexible processing program such as Excel or SPSS ;
2. Make sure that the answers are so arranged that they can be , to draw conclusions and to see relationships incorporated in a useful overview ;
3. Work as much as possible with the same answer form , or response scales for processing and analysis .
2.3 What is the target audience ?

What is , after describing the market than the specific audience ? The market can give this one last decisive . Determine also based on industry data , historical data , and especially customer needs as the primary target audience is going to be . Then disconnect the secondary specialty also a secondary target . This spreads the risk of disappointing results .

Using industry and geographic data also provides regular outcome in determining a specific target group . It may be that disposable incomes are , for example, certain preferences , trends , age , company size in certain areas , competition , similar to existing product offerings , etc. Also use this information to support the target of choice. This is important information for external parties to know .

example I
Café de Pub has opted for young people / students aged between 18 and 30 for example. This may have to deal with several issues , namely :
– Experience shows that for this group in the center is not an attractive dining and dancing , which is also affordable;
– There are many people on fixed incomes to live ( college town ) in the city in that age group ;
– Legal requirement , for people under 18 should not drink alcoholic beverages ;
– Above 30 people often go to other venues , such as restaurants and theaters ;
– Especially people between 18 and 30 give the survey to have a new catering facility needs .

eXAMPLE II
The training agency established for this example in North Holland , is the key phrase in the mission and no real defined target audience . Except that the customer must have a sales department have different sales training course, makes no sense. They have therefore investigated how the market is now built . For this they are also based on existing reports and data on their own experiences .

First, they focus on companies with sales department with multiple account , because giving group trainings . Research also shows that companies larger than 20 employees spend relatively more on sales training and eager to improve . Sales A good starting point to go here offer . Trainings Moreover, especially the business sector appears to have more vendors than other sectors and owns the business sector, the largest budgets .
Based on these data , the company has chosen the following target :

“Companies with at least 20 employees in the business sector , located in the provinces of North Holland , South Holland and Utrecht.”

2.4 What resources ?

Now the entrepreneur can substantiate what he intends to offer to whom , should be mapped out what resources they require. This can vary greatly by company and sector .

A small consulting firm may not have more than one car , phone, computer and business cards . But a baker has a complete shop and need special computer software for your cash . An overview of all resources , moreover, helps to ask quotes and oriented to make use of the magnitude of the required capital investment . Good prognosis To give all common means, an image we have made this clear by heading.

example I
Cafe ‘ The Pub’ needs based on the floor plan and first drawings indicate what inventory they need. For this, they have the following overview :

furnishings General
armchairs
banks
Reading table
Coats Racks
stools
stand Tables
tables
chairs
furnishing general
Literature for reading table
art
curtains
dressing diverse
electric
Light / sound
Fax / Copier
telephone
Computer , 2 times
printer
software
POS system
Ventilation (including kitchen)
kitchen
Kitchen
kitchen Charroi
Place waste
office
Office Chairs
agencies
filing Cabinets
Letterhead , envelopes and business cards

general
alarm System
Office
cleaning equipment
clothing staff
Company

eXAMPLE II

The Training Bureau has also made an estimate of all necessary means . The overview shows directly that this is totally different from the previous company .

General office
Office Chairs
agencies
filing Cabinets
chairs
Coat Rack
Letterhead , envelopes and business cards

training Material
Syllabus per training
Notepads
Stationary
Flipchart
Inbindapparaat
literature
electric
video camera
tripod
Fax / Copier
telephone
Computer , 2 times
printer
software
Air conditioning
Company

Location as one of the means :

The place / location of the company is often a key card . Especially for companies that their customers have received, as in the hospitality and retail regularly. But for other business owners is the location again entirely subordinate , because they have little customer contact and often to approach the customer. Then home office maybe even a solution.

Decide clear or buy an option , or just a rental property is attractive.
Be further in choosing the location extremely critical , it can be a huge strain on the finances and thus the success of the company. As a starting point for the determination of the location among others, apply to the following standards :

1. The location must be representative of the receiving customers?
2. The location must be on view for example transient / shoppers ?
3. Must be the location easily accessible by public transport, car or even walking ?
4. The location must be large or small an area more than enough ?
5 . The location must be suitable for heavy production or noise pollution ?
6. The location must be suitable to be able to extend out over the future
Finally, the purchase price or rent is often a high threshold for entrepreneurs . Determine why good is really suitable on the basis of the above standards or location. Leases are often for several years ( five years plus five option years ) , the rent can suddenly be very high , and after a short time is no longer acceptable location .

For good advice about prices along multiple instances . Give the local Chamber of Commerce , the Municipality and brokers generally extensive and good information . Compare the rates in all cases with each other . Keep in mind , or location, size and marketability . The latter is important when the contract must be in between. Terminated A current building is easier to rent / sell in case of emergency .

The location often comes back to the marketing under the P site . Please refer to the chapter on marketing or marketing syllabus .

example I
Café de Pub is looking for a good location . A place in the center is due to the target audience and the concept is essential. In this case, the following criteria are important:
1. The location must be representative of the reception of clients ;
2. The location must be on view for shoppers ;
3. The location should be easily accessible by public transport and on foot ;
4. The location must be large enough for at least 100 guests , stock and a kitchen ;
5 . The location must be suitable for noise nuisance ;
6. The location must be suitable to be able to expand . Out in the future

The location will therefore have to be with some night restaurants in the neighborhood, so that evening the street attracts enough audience . In a shopping In addition, the location must be about 200 square meters . That is big enough for all foreseeable future .

eXAMPLE II
The training agency is also looking for a good place for giving his workouts . Here apply completely different standards . Location and accessibility are less important , because customers almost always have a car . Also, noise is not applicable.

The agency is particularly looking for an office building with a small reception area , an office and a large training room for about 15 people . In short :
1. The location must be representative of the reception of clients ;
2. The location must be reasonably accessible by public transport and easily accessible by car ;
3. The location must be large enough to give small-scale training .

The office can with the above criteria fairly quickly found worden.100 square meters spread over at least three areas , should in principle be sufficient to . Immediately start

General tip:
Not all locations are ultimately suitable . The big game breakers are usually the zoning and future developments in the immediate area that they are not compatible with the company. Find out here at an early stage to the municipality .

2.5 Staff

Personnel is one of the most important but also most difficult parts of the business . This checklist covers the main points. More detailed information about personnel , with convenient syllabi and checklists can be found in the Staff menu – Checklists .

The entrepreneur has many obligations to his staff . As good working conditions , insurance , training , timely payment and proper administration . So first of many staff and really necessary for the new company .
Apply for this in what the organization is doing.

This can range from the production, sale , acquisition , administration, logistics , promotion to technical matters . Determine for each component which knowledge and capacity in hours above minimum necessary. Allows you to decide whether the hiring of staff is necessary and perhaps freelance staff an option .

Then apply properly the costs and administrative requirements card . This involves the gross wage and employers’ contributions . As an employer, you are responsible for the payment of the payroll taxes . Think about :
1. payroll taxes ;
2. National insurance ( AOW , ANW , AWBZ ) ;
3. Employee insurance premiums ( WW , WIA ) ;
4. Income -related contribution Health Insurance ( Insurance Act ) ;
5 . Other expenses ( including pension ) .
Secondary labor :
1. car ;
2. phone ;
3. Food and drink ;
4. Allowances.

Before you engage staff , is a concrete and specific job is very important . Examples are :
1. tasks ;
2. responsibilities;
3. work experience;
4. training ;
5 . Characteristics ( stress resistant , studious , focused and / or accurate ) ;
6. Representative of customer contact ;
7. Commercial : he must be able to sell ; ?
8. Network: he has contacts with potential interesting parties; ?
9. Future , it fits into the strategy of the company in the long term ? ;
10. salary ;
11. Growth opportunities ;
12. Age .

Put in the business a brief overview of the staff team ( part time / full time) and their functions . With this information you describe specifically who you need for the success of the company.

example I
Cafe ‘ the Pub ‘ has many and different personnel needed . The owner has given detailed all hours. And he wants to work . Because of its flexibility , for example, the weather is nice , with a pool of part-timers

To save on the cost of an expensive cook , will be working during the day with a simple map . In addition, the owner would only take in the busy hours a dishwasher in a separate service .

On this basis, the staff team will go as follows from:
4 full time bartenders / waiters ;
3 part time bartenders / waiters in permanent employment for 24 hours per week ;
3 part time bartenders / waiters on call for summer terrace and large parties ;
1 full time washing dishes , permanent ;
1 full-time cook , permanent ;
1 part time cook in permanent employment for 16 hours per week .
eXAMPLE II
The training agency will be set up by two partners who were previously employed as a sales trainer and sales manager . They will take different courses on their behalf together. May be considered to take . Fixed or freelance trainer employed at a later stage

However, they want to take a full-time secretary employed for receiving customers, database, correspondence and other general matters . Since the tasks are not difficult, a lot of experience not required.

General tip:
Remember when hiring staff well to all administrative processes . This is a separate checklist . For freelance staff are additionally separate lines . Bring this card in a timely manner . A tax advisor offers soon outcome , thus the entrepreneur can mainly be focused on the real business.

2.6 When everything has been achieved and what is the schedule ?

In this chapter, the operator decides which steps to take to actually achieve the company. There is the entire process that a budding entrepreneur must go through an extensive checklist available. But that is too detailed to be included in the business plan.

This schedule is intended primarily for external parties to get into the next process . Insight into main The process can in principle be divided into sections, which are also reflected in the business plan . Consider the following:

– Market research ;
– Financing ;
– Establish business and of Chamber of Commerce ;
– Protect trademark or invention ;
– Build the website ;
– Use of the corporate identity ;
– First test production ;
– Find personnel;
– Find location ;
– Setting records;
– Briefing advertising ;
– Opening of the company ;
– Etc.

It is therefore particularly practical matters prior to the start of the company . Be as specific as possible while in determining deadlines . That gives the parties a clear picture of the phase in which the company is located. Light which is also in brief terms Accessory .
example I

Cafe ‘ The Pub’ is in the final stage. It has a third of the equity and there is an agreement in principle with the bank and the brewery . Also, all the drawings done and the budget is well put together .

The following the next time still need to be regulated , in order of importance :

1. Rent determine final and subject to finance lease signs
2. apply for permits
3. Funding rounding
4. order inventory
5 . Renovation trigger
6. Deadline developing marketing call
deadline call
deadline call
deadline call
deadline call
deadline call

eXAMPLE II

The training agency needs little foreign capital and is therefore not very dependent on the bench for the organization. So they can quickly get started . The roadmap looks different now :

1. Make a choice of two office buildings
2. acquisition
3. lease signs
4. order inventory
5 . assume secretary
6. marketing make
7. Furnish Kantoorpand
8. Opening Deadline call
deadline call
deadline call
deadline call
deadline call
deadline call
deadline call
deadline call

3.0 Mission

After determining the five W’s , it is often useful to be able to determine . A short mission This is a simple summary of the objectives and strategy that the company can pursue. Along with the core sentence This also works often very enlightening . For the entrepreneur and external parties

example I
The Café aforementioned mission could be for example :
” The Pub Cafe is a cozy cafe where music , dancing and chatting extensively go hand in hand with good Burgundian food and drink . ”

eXAMPLE II
The training agency aforementioned mission could be for example :
” Inspiring people with clear feedback and usable sales skills . ”

Try to be possible in the mission , at least as short and concrete that is best about the reader . The difference between the mission and the key phrase is that the core sentence emphasizes the objective and the mission the way .

4.0 Marketing

To write a good marketing plan , the trader must determine concrete objectives . Which serve as a realistic basis for the company. Think quantitative objective as :
1. Numbers of visitors ;
2. Name recognition as a percentage of the target group;
3. Turnover .

But there may be qualitative objectives are determined . That are less measurable objectives and are intended more to position itself in the market the concept.
Think of goals as :
1. image;
2. Quality product ;
3. Best Service ;
4. sociability ;
5 . Maximum safety .

The objectives are in line with the core sentence and mission . The brief mention of these principles succession parties gives a good impression of the company. Also , the mission and core sentence serve as a basis for marketing and business strategy .
The marketing plan usually gets structure on the basis of the marketing mix :
1. product ;
2. Price ;
3. place ;
4. Promotion.

In the marketing syllabus elaborates on the composition of the marketing plan . It is also the SWOT analysis discussed , also the strength / weakness analysis called . , The analysis of which weak / strong aspects and opportunities / threats are there for the company. This gives the trader the opportunity to look further into the future and be prepared for setbacks .

Along with the SWOT analysis and marketing mix is the competitive analysis is an important part of the marketing plan and the business plan. Identify key competitors and what area it is a competitor or . Also indicate how the company deals with this .

5.0 Legal requirements

The government provides many legal requirements to enterprising Netherlands .
Consider the requirements in terms of :
1. settlement ;
2. Other licenses;
3. training ;
4. Legal firm ;
5 . taxes;
6. administration ;
7. insurance;
8. Data Protection Act and Telecommunications Act for managing customer data;
9. Etc. .

Unfortunately, to outline the requirements that the government set exactly to the entrepreneur. No clear picture This can even vary from place to place. Let you therefore first inform themselves properly .
1. BusinessCompleet.nl ;
2. City Hall ;
3. Chamber of Commerce;
4. Overheid.nl ;
5 . Answers for business .

Also your business advisor or tax advisor for specific company quickly determine what legal requirements apply. BusinessCompleet.nl has an extensive checklist in any case to determine what all can be of influence.
6.0 Budget and funding

Every business has a financial section . This chapter provides a concrete basis for the investment budget, which is BusinessCompleet.nl download. It also described how and over what period the company’s investment plan to recoup.

In the syllabus “Financing ” we focus on how to budget and funding are put together. Briefly comprises the investment of a list of :

 Fixed Assets
Assets that are used for more than one year and more than € 450 fee . Examples: inventory , office furniture , hardware , cars , goodwill , etc.
 Current assets
Assets that are less than one year in the enterprise . Examples: Inventories , receivables , financing tax and cash.
 Start-up costs
Expenses you incur before making sales. Examples: legal fees , notary , of Chamber of Commerce , marketing, market research , consultancy fees , etc.
 Livelihood
If you do not have enough sales in the beginning to live , then you can go for several months living expenses fund . These can be combined to the costs incurred in the investment program.
 Reserve
Be aware of unexpected expenses . The investment program will default into account 10 % of the total investment reserve .
With the recovery of the investment must be justified where the expected revenues come from and how they are constructed . In the investment with the construction already taken into account .
Stated all amounts in how they are calculated . Did so on the basis of experience , estimation , comparison or quotations ? Lenders prefer to see comparisons and quotes . Industry data are also a good source . Detailed justifications to in the Annex.

7.0 The entrepreneurs themselves

In addition to a thorough description of the (future ) enterprise external parties want to see who the entrepreneur behind the project . Please tell us more about your own experience , and personal ambitions .

Give at least good reasons why you are personally convinced of the concept and why it fits your background , knowledge or experience .

8.0 Structure business

Every business has more or less a fixed structure . This forms a logical structure of information for the reader .

1. Introduction / foreword ;
2. Summary ;
3. Background entrepreneur ;
4. idea ;
5 . Market and / or market research ;
6. competition;
7. SWOT analysis ;
8. marketing ;
9. Organization Description ;
10. personnel ;
11. resources;
12. Laws and regulations ;
13. Finance and Budget ;
14. planning ;
15. conclusion ;
16. Annex ( eg market research , quotes ) .

Incorporate all the information in this syllabus is set out in this order in the relevant chapters and the business is a fact .

Looking back, writing a business plan is always a lot of work . Because the business is crucial for the realization of the idea , it gives a lot of satisfaction . Moreover, traders can lose their creativity in a clear structure and writing a business plan often gives new ideas .
9.0 Summary and conclusion

The conclusion is a reminder to the reader of the business plan. Identify short and concretely what the company is doing and why the company will be successful. For example, repeat a few trends in the market to support the project.

PLUGGER


When I first heard about ISRC codes and the importance of its implementation for the owners of recordings, I was excited to know that a system was in place to allow artists to track sales and radio playback. The confusing mass of information that I found led me to do a bit of research to see just how this system works and how it can be best used to one’s advantage.

The attempt here is to help save you some of your valuable time by providing the information you need to know in order get the most out of the ISRC system. The purpose of this page is to focus first on the ‘need to know’ information. The articles that follow will expand on that overview with the details that are necessary for a deeper understanding of how all this works. With this overview in mind, you should know what to expect and how to go about the process of acquiring and using your ISRCs.

In order to begin, we must start by giving some very basic facts about the ISRC system and what its purpose is:

  • ISRC stands for International Standard Recording Code
  • The system was designed as a way of uniquely identifying recordings.
  • Each recording or version of a recording must be assigned a unique code.
  • Each code is a unique 12 digit number.
  • Codes can be obtained from 3 basic sources, directly from the RIAA, from an ISRC Manager or from a music service provider.
  • The code must be burned into the recording.
  • It is your responsibility to provide the code information when distributing your recordings.
  • The code can be used to track sales and radio station play.
  • The code can be used by performing rights societies to track usage for paying performance royalties.

There is much more information that is necessary to know before you can begin to utilize this system, but that was a basic overview. The next step will get us a little deeper into the process. From there, you can use the links at the bottom of this page to get more detailed information about each step if you desire.

 

 

Colaborations and Featurings:

Gatto Gabriel invite you to create outstanding song with a fabulous melodies, great lyrics, and memorable hooks. we can arrange all legal issues such as: who gets the credit for a song, how are royalties split, register a copyright.

Here is how we do it:  songwriting.

1. about songwriting and credits

If we are writing songs , as soon as we finish the song, we have to agree on how to split potential revenues. If we wait until after we have a deal or record the song, we could end up in legal problems and a break of a good relation and working network, beside we don’t need a formal contract on who gets the credits; an informal written agreement is ok with us.

CONSIDER A BAND PARTNERSHIP AGREEMENT

If we plan on earning money, and so shows as working career, we need a band partnership agreement.

2. How to Decide Who Gets Songwriting Credits

A songwriting copyright is awarded to those who jointly contributed to the song’s structure, chord progressions, and lyrics. This can be anyone, even the members of the rhythm section (in many songs — especially in rock, pop, and dance music — a bass or drum part is so integral to the song that it becomes as important as the melody). The best way to decide:

  • the members of the band determine who wrote the songs, or
  • throw out traditional rules and share equally (or by some other formula) in all band-written tunes.

3. Publicize Songwriters’ Names

Once you’ve established who wrote a song, publicize the names and how to contact you or your music publisher. When preparing music for downloads — for example MP3s, AACs, or WMAs — make use of the text tags that allow you to encode the names of the songwriters and any related copyright information.

4. Consider Cowriting With a Dead Songwriter

Having trouble writing a catchy tune? You might consider trying the approach of Vera Matson, who took a civil war song, “Aura Lee,” and added her own lyrics. The result was “Love Me tender,” a monster hit for Elvis Presley and many other artists. Older music (published before 1923) like “Aura Lee” isn’t protected by copyright, and therefore is said to be in the “public domain.” It’s free for anyone to copy.

5. Register With Buma stemra

 known as performance rights organizations — monitor radio and television stations, nightclubs, websites, and other entities that play music. They collect royalties from these places and pay the royalties directly to the music publishers and songwriters (so you get payments from them, not your publisher or manager).

6. Don’t Be Afraid to Give Up the Copyright for a Deal

“Don’t give up your copyright,” is the cry often heard from musicians and songwriters. Yes, it’s true that the music business is rife with tales of woe about songwriters.

The reality is that if we  sign with a  publisher  the publisher pays the songwriter a  portion of the royalties so the wong writer earns a  share of the songwriting royalties.

7. Market Your Songs to Nontraditional Media

Changes in technology have altered the ways in which songs earn money. The source for most music listening hours is neither CDs nor radio but video games.

In addition, advertising agencies, motion picture and TV companies, and Internet websites have all opened up new licensing opportunities.

8. Consider Taking a Lower Percentage.

If we create  a company we will get 100% of the songwriting revenue. If we sell our song to an existing music publisher we will probably earn 60-75% of the song revenue.

9. Copyright is Automatic

we do not have to register your music with a Copyright Office in order to get copyright protection. all that is required for a song to be copyrighted is that it be “original” and “fixed.” “Original” means that the song is original to the writer and that it was not copied from another source. A work is “fixed” when it exists in some tangible manner such as sheet music, a tape recording, or saved onto a computer disk.

10. Home Office Use

 How much you can claim toward your home office deduction depends on how much (what percentage) of your home you use as a home office or studio.

For example, if you use 20% of your home, you can allot 20% of your home office expenses (such as rent, depreciation, mortgage interest, property taxes, electricity, gas, insurance) to the home office deduction.